Pamukkale Travertines, which is the 8th wonder of the world, is visited by thousands of tourists every year. This region, which is located within the borders of Denizli, has been one of the most interesting buildings since the Hellenistic period. There are many options you can visit in Pamukkale. You can visit famous places such as Ancient Pool, Yesildere Waterfall, and Apollon Temple. What to do in Pamukkale?
You should explore the travertine in this city firstly. The dazzling white calcite cliffs of Pamukkale consist of calcium deposits deposited by the thermal springs of the region. Water saturated with calcium carbonate evaporates under the sun. After the cotton-like appearance of the white travertines in the form of the gel, the structure solidifies and the surface becomes crystallized rocks. Due to the softness of the first travertine and white like cotton, Pamukkale has 17 hot water areas in the temperature range of 35-100 ° C. Thermal water from the source, traversing a distance of 320 meters travertine is coming. From here, it is poured into the travertine layers and is going to be 240-300 meters further.
One of the other places to visit in Denizli is Hierapolis. Hierapolis is thought to be the holy city. It founded in 190 BC. Many legendary and interesting anecdotes are told about the city. You know, it was a city with a Hellenistic spirit. However, the city destroyed after a massive earthquake. Later it was built by the Romans. Of course, its original architecture is lost as well. It lost her Hellenistic style. The bath section of this city now used as the Hierapolis Archeology Museum since 1984.
Located next to the Temple of Apollo, Pamukkale’s Ancient Pool has a constant temperature of 36 degrees. Mineral-rich hot spring waters allow you to relax by relieving your tiredness. Especially during the Roman Empire, Hierapolis and its surroundings were a complete health center. In those years, more than 15 thousands of people came to the ancient city and its surroundings. Today, the ancient pool is formed by the earthquake that occurred in the VII century. The portico built in the Ionian order of the civilian Agora, which is next to the colonnaded street, collapsed into the pool as a result of this earthquake. The water of the ancient pool is known to be very good for heart disease, arteriosclerosis, blood pressure, rheumatism, skin, eye, rickets, stroke, nerve, and vascular diseases.
The Temple of Apollo, whose foundations date back to the late Hellenistic period, is based on the ancient cave of Plutonian. The monumental structure dedicated to the most important god of Hierapolis. The sacred area on the terraces connected by a marble staircase. The lower terrace surrounded by marble columns in a large area. The interior of the podium was defined as a temple before it was defined as the center of prophecy. The building passes through the underground in the middle part to cover the Plutonium and also passes through these ancient sources.
The last place to visit in Pamukkale is Yesildere Waterfall which is located in Sakızcılar Village of Cal District. You can spend peaceful hours thanks to the calm environment of the water flowing from 55 meters of the waterfall and green beneath the pond formed underneath. Yesildere Waterfall is a crying rock-like appearance of a wonderful appearance here is also called Crying Rock.