Ephesus Ancient City

More About Ephesus

Library of Celsus / Ephesus Ancient City

In 129 BC, King Attalos of Bergama (Pergamon) inherited his kingdom to the Roman Empire for the entire region to join the Roman Empire as an Asian state, and they benefited from the conditions of this testament. Ephesus became a very important trade center in the period of Augustus and after. Historian Aelius Aristides describes Ephesus as the most important …

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The Temple of Hadrian

Temple of Hadrian / Ephesus Ancient City

On Curetes Street, it is a small but ostentatious building on the left side of the marble road from Celsus library to Herakles Gate. It was dedicated to honor the Roman Emperor Hadrianus. The reliefs depicting the founding legends of the city of Ephesus on the doorway are interesting. These are known to belong to the late ancient age. It …

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The Roman Baths

Roman Baths / Ephesus Ancient City

Bathing in the baths for the great majority of the Romans was at the top of the leisure activities. Bathing in ancient Rome was a social activity, even though bathing today was a special activity at home. Men and women from all class of life were bathed in public baths that reminded us of today’s modern spa or health clubs …

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The Odeon

The Odeon / Ephesus Ancient City

Prytaneion is the name given to sacred places where the holy fire of Hestia is represented in every Greek city-state, representing the independence and sovereignty of the city. The word comes from the words of Prytan (the managerial position of the democratic Greek city), where sacred rituals and meetings with the food of the city’s executives are held, and beyond …

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The Monumental Fountains

Tranius Fountain / Ephesus Ancient City

There are two important fountains in Ephesus Ancient City. One of them is Traianus Fountain and the other one is Hydreion Fountain. Traianus Fountain The Traianus Fountain structure was built by Tiberius Claudius Aristion and his wife in honor of Ephesus Artemis and Emperor Traiani between AD 102 and 114. Today, there is an attempt to restore the structure; its original …

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The Agora – Ephesus

The Agora / Ephesus Ancient City

If you walk on the Curetes Street in Ephesus Ancient City, you will face the State Agora, located in the west side of the city, after the Slope Houses, opposite Odeon. It was built by the state for being the import and export center. In other words, it is the stock market of the period. This square, believed to have …

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Temple Of Artemis

Temple of Artemis

The two seven wonders of the world is in Turkey. These are Temple of Artemis in Ephesus and Mausoleum at Halicarnassus in Bodrum. In the 11th century BC, Androklos, the son of King Kodros of Athens, came to Anatolia like other colonists and settled in the area of Ephesus. The port city of Ephesus, where the people of sea migration began to …

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Marble Streets

Marble Streets / Ephesus Ancient City

Marble Streets provide transportation between Celsus Library and Odeon. In the street where the cars are used, the bushes are not forgotten either. The high platform on the side of the road serves the same purpose as today’s pavements. It is admirable that they have a human-focused understanding of urbanism centuries ago. There is a marble on the street with …

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Library of Celsus

Library of Celsus / Ephesus Ancient City

The most well-known monument of the Ephesus Ancient City is the Celsus Library. It was located at the end of the Trade Agor, at the beginning of Kuretler Avenue; a small area was swept to the south-east by the city. The Library was built by Gaius Iulius Aquila for his father, Senator Tiberius Iulius Celsus Polemaeanus, between 100 and 110 …

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İsa Bey Mosque

İsa Bey Mosque / Selçuk

İsa Bey Mosque is located in the Seljuk district of Izmir, between the Temple of Artemis and Saint Jean Church. Isa Bey Mosque is one of the oldest and the showiest works of Turkish architectural history belonging to the Anatolian seignior period. It was also used as a caravansary in the 19th century. The mosque was built by Aydınoğlu Isa …

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