Turkey is definitely one of the most visited countries, because of the resorts it has and because of the wonderful culture. If you travel to Turkey you will be able to see many famous places. It will be great if you start your trip from Ankara – the second largest town in Turkey.
Ankara is located in Central Anatolia. Their ancient monuments successfully coexist with large modern buildings and the ancient culture is reflected in some of the best universities in the country. The history of this town can be dated back to more than 2000 B.C. when some of the oldest settlements in the world were created in that area. Examples of such settlements are Çayönü and Çatalhöyük. However, three centuries B.C., several Celtic tribes were known as Galatians, created their own country here, in Ankara (coming from Ancyra – which means anchor).
In Ankara, there are several landmarks that must be seen such as The Museum of Ataturk, who is the founder of the Republic of Turkey and the Television Tower. The most curious tourists can visit the Citadel, the Roman Theatre, the Temple of Augustus, The Roman Bath, the Ethnographic Museum, the Museum of Sculpture and Painting, the Museum of Anatolian Civilization, the Museum of the Independence War and the Aladdin Mosque.
Istanbul is the most popular and the largest city of Turkey. It is the only city located on two continents – Asia and Europe, separated by the Bosphorus. Istanbul is an enchanting blend of Western and Eastern culture. In ancient times, Istanbul was called Constantinople and Byzantium and it was a capital of three empires. Today most visited areas of Istanbul are Sultanahmet, Bosphorus and the Golden Horn. Sophia is one of the symbols of Istanbul. Sultanahmet Mosque impresses with six minarets and stunning architecture. Other signs of Istanbul are the Museum of Modern Art, the Archaeological Museum, and the Hippodrome. When reading this, you probably wonder – What makes those sights so interesting? The answer is quite simple – they are all signs of the different cultures that inhabited this amazing land.
Let’s take the Hippodrome for example – this amazing place was once the cultural center of Constantinople (the capital of the Byzantine Empire). When you visit it, you can still feel the energy that surrounds it. The Museum of Modern Art, on the other hand, was created just a couple of years ago and represents the face of the modern Turkish culture. If you visit this amazing place, you will see some of the masterpieces created by some of the best artists in the world.
Izmir is the third largest city in Turkey and it has the second largest port in the country and an important transport junction located in the Aegean Sea. The town was founded three thousand years before Christ, with the name of Tepekule. Troy, the place of the battle, described by Homer, is located within a small village on the Dardanelles.
Ephesus is one of the oldest settlements on earth, dating from 6000 B.C. There are many archaeological sites. Here are two of the seven ancient wonders of the world – the temple of Artemis built 800 years before Christ. In Ephesus lies the grave of the Virgin Mary. Apostle St. John and she lived here in a small stone house after Christ was crucified. In this ancient city was located one of the seven churches of Asia, described in the Book of Revelation in the Bible. It is believed that there was written the Gospel of St. John. Here you can visit the Basilica of St. John,
Hadrian Temple, and the gates of August. Ephesus is a really wonderful city, not only because of the legends but because of its beauties and culture.