The ancient city of Hierapolis is one of the most popular ancient cities in Turkey. The historical structure of the city and its sociological importance in the past periods led to the development of the city in terms of architecture. Hierapolis, one of the most developed cities in its region, is a Phrygian city according to the findings. The other Phrygian cities around the city and their historical relations with these cities made the anthropologists think about it.
After visiting the ancient city of Hierapolis, we strongly recommend that you should visit also Pamukkale Travertines, accepted as one of the popular spa centers in Turkey. In the continuation of our article, we will tell you both the details of a beautiful day to be spent by visiting the ancient city of Hierapolis and the points to visit in the surrounding areas.
You can visit Hierapolis Ancient City by taking a Pamukkale Tour or by yourself. If you visit the area with a Toursce Pamukkale tour, licensed tour guides will help you to get to know the area in more detail.
Popular Destinations in Hierapolis Ancient City!
Here the popular destinations in Hierapolis Ancient City:
- The Temple of Apollon: The ancient city of Hierapolis was known as ‘’Holy City’’ in the past. It is believed that this city was personally visited by many Greek gods. Temples in different parts of the city are therefore quite magnificent. The most important point of the city is the Temple of Apollo. The temple was built in Plutonion.There are two different terraces in the building. These terraces are connected to each other by solid stairs made of marble. Since the area is a first degree earthquake zone, it is possible to say that the structure is highly damaged.
- The building was originally built as a temple. But then it continued to be used as a center of prophecy.
- This structure was built in the 1st century BC. However, it is thought that the structure was severely damaged after the big earthquake during this period. Therefore, this structure was renovated in the 3rd century BC with various restoration works.
- 2. The Necropolises: Necropolises are found in many cities built especially by Hellenistic culture. Examining necropolises in a city means having detailed information about the religious and sociological values of the city. As you walk through the necropolis built using limestone and marble, you will notice that the structure is quite large.There is a necropolis structure extending in 3 directions in total.
- Marble and limestone were used during the construction of the cemeteries. This marble and limestone in the structure of Pamukkale traventines constitute the general structure of the city.
- Most of the sarcophagus structures are completely marble.
- When the ancient city of Hierapolis is examined, it will be noticed that generally house type cemeteries were built in the region. This situation reveals that religious belief in the city supports life after death.
- Latrina: As is known, every city needs installation services. In order to meet these needs, there is a sewer system in the ancient city of Hierapolis. The system in this city is called Latrina. After the earthquake in the first century AD, this structure was completely destroyed. However, all the fragments of the building were found by archaeologists. Thus, it was possible to date the building.
- The building was built in the first century AD.
- The name of the Emperor Justinianus on the marbles of the building is a very important clue in order to understand the date on which the building was built.
- Inside the building, the clean water channel and the dirty water channel are constructed in two different branches. In this way, clean water flow is provided throughout the city.
- Frontinius Street: Meet an important street that builds most of the city’s social space. Frontinius Street is a very important center in the city for both socializing and shopping. The dimensions of the street are quite wide. The street is 14 meters wide and approximately 170 meters long. A large number of shops served on the street.
- Frontinius Street was largely destroyed after a major earthquake in the first century AD. Therefore, after the destruction, the street was transformed into an Agora during the reconstruction process. Most of the street, which has become an agora, has been redesigned to be circular.
- There is a thick layer of limestone on the stones of the street. The reason for this is the chemical structure of the stones in the region.
- Fountain of Tritos: Let’s talk about a popular building located very close to the Temple of Apollo. The Triton Fountain Building features a pool with a diameter of approximately 70 meters. In the past, fountains were also centers of socialization. The pool, which has this fountain structure, opens to the street with its wide structure. There are also two different cavities in the pool for sculpture.The building was built within the first 50 years of the 3rd century BC.
- The building was dedicated to Emperor Alexander Severus.
- Byzantine Gates: This city, which was built according to the Hellenistic architectural approach, has two different entrance gates. These gates are built to be completely symmetrical to each other. These two gates of the city are called Southern Byzantine Gate and Northen Byzantine Gate respectively.On the gates, there are some animal figures reflecting the religious beliefs of the period. These animal figures were believed to protect the city from bad luck.
- The doors were built in the 4th century BC. The doors were built in accordance with the Hellenistic architectural approach.
- An elegant arch motif and cross motif are the striking details at the door.
- Arslan, panther, gorgo head, some of the figures on the door.
- Bath and Basilica: This bath was built in the 3rd century BC. The building was restored approximately after the 5th century with some changes.The building has 3 domes.
After completing the tour of the ancient city of Hierapolis, we strongly recommend you to go to Pamukkale Traventines. This UNESCO-protected natural building will fascinate you!