Anatolia has extraordinary In addition to its thousands of years of cultural accumulation. The Anatolian lands also host extraordinary natural beauties. Pamukkale Travertines, which are unique in the world, is just one of the natural beauties that we do not know enough.
Pamukkale and its environs are the places visited by a significant number of foreign tourists coming to our country. There are important ancient cities, architectural masterpieces and natural beauties. Therefore, by making a few days plan, it is an environment that can be discovered.
Hierapolis Antique City and Pamukkale, which were among the first places to be included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage List from Turkey, have been maintained in a more beautiful way with the right steps taken in recent years. With a significant infrastructure for nature, history, culture, health and gastronomy tourism, dozens of places are waiting to be discovered in the region. Some of the works carried out by the pioneer families of Denizli have been pleasing for the diversification of tourism in the region. Pamukkale and surrounding areas, which require a holistic tourism policy, are faced with a different beauty at every step.
Are you planning to visit Pamukkale? Discover Pamukkale by the best way, check our tours and book online!
- Pamukkale Day Tour from Istanbul
- Pamukkale Tour from Denizli Pamukkale Airport
- Pamukkale Day Tour from Kusadasi and Selcuk
- Pamukkale Long Day Tour from Cappadocia
- Pamukkale Tour from Pamukkale Hotels
- EXTRA -> Pamukkale and Ephesus Tour in One Day
Places to Visit in Pamukkale and Around
Pamukkale Travertines, which are at the forefront for many years abroad for promotion campaign of Turkey, have left behind the negativities experienced in a period. Thanks to the arrangements made around travertines and the surrounding area, the hotel has been removed for disrupting the natural structure. New precaution was taken to prevent the flow of natural spring water from travertines. This is a time of water shortage in the white heaven, given the time of certain hours of the day with the water given the old days.
Travertines are formed by precipitation as a result of a chemical reaction. It has been offering to heal to its visitors since the ancient times with his thermal waters. The temperature of thermal waters varies between 35 and 100 C. Water comes from 17 different sources, through the channels travertine from the top point down to the floor. This journey takes about 300 meters. When the water in which there is a high amount of calcium hydrocarbonate comes into contact with oxygen in the air, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide are flying. As a result, the remaining calcium carbonate precipitates and provides travertine formation.
When you walk in travertines, the feeling of mud-like gel structure is a very different feeling. This gel structure changes for many years, after hardening it turns into travertines. Our tremendous pleasure, the travertines in which it floats, and the formation of new ones are again thanks to us.
The water flow to the travertines is restrained in a controlled manner. The reason for this is that the amount of water flowing over a long period of time causes both algae and occasional yellowing. According to the technical analysis of the experts and to the program prepared the intensity of the water coming out and the water, which excites people.
Pamukkale Ancient Pool
It is located in the ancient city of Hierapolis, located within the boundaries of Pamukkale Travertines. Pamukkale Ancient Pool is a magnificent beauty in which many people come to the region to swim without knowing. Although the travertines are known by almost everyone, it is surprising that the ancient pool is not so well known.
The ancient city of Hierapolis, which was a health center during the Roman Empire period, was one of those that served health care with more than 25 baths during those years. The earthquake in the 7th century caused destroying the entrance door of the Agora near the colonnaded street. In the pool formed inside the destroyed door, spreading into a unique view. Water is effective in the treatment of many diseases such as heart disease, arteriosclerosis, blood pressure, rheumatism, skin, eye, rickets, paralysis, nerve, and vascular diseases; when it is drunk, it is good for spasms stomachs.
Swimming in healing water in the ruins and columns of the ancient city is an enjoyable experience that is not possible anywhere else in the world. Without swimming into the pool, watching people in the water around the pool is even a recipe. The entrance fee is very convenient. Here is a wonderful article about SOAKING IN CLEOPATRA’S ANTIQUE POOL AT THE PAMUKKALE HOT SPRINGS.
Ancient City of Hierapolis
The Ancient City of Hierapolis is one of the historical heritages that are not given much value in our country. Pamukkale Travertines and Ancient Pool are located within the boundaries of the ancient city. Due to its location, it is an important intersection between the historical regions. Therefore, the city is called “Holy City”.
Hierapolis, which was thought to have been founded by King Eumenes II of Pergamon at the beginning of the 2nd century BC, is named after the Queen of Amazons Hiera. The city remained an important center in the Hellenistic period the Roman and Byzantine periods. The city has a special meaning for Christians because of the death of St. Philip, one of Jesus’ apostles.
Frontinus Street is the main street of the city and is 14 meters wide. At the same time, there are also important places such as the agora, theater, Northern Byzantine Gate, South Byzantine Gate, gymnasium, triton dwelling building, Ionic column house, latrina, Apollo sanctuary, water canals, plutonium, necropolis area, bath basilica, cathedral, pole church, St. Philippus Bridge, St. Philippus Martyrion, Roman Baths, and Domitian Gate.
One of the most remarkable stories of the ancient city belongs to the Gate of Hell. The Sacred Area of Plutonium was considered a gateway to the country of the dead in ancient times. One of the most important factors in giving this name to Hierapolis, which was named as the Holy City in the ancient times, is the cave where thermal water and the gas that cause the death of all the living creatures approaching it to come out. Because of this feature, the cave is regarded as the entrance of the underworld of God Plouton and his wife Persophone. The inhabitants of the ancient world come to this cave, which they believe to be the entrance of hell, and they organize ceremonies to sacrifice the bulls.
The only theater that restored the stage structure in our country is the Hierapolis Antique Theater. Therefore, it is one of the works that must be seen. With an audience capacity of 12 thousand people, the theater was the source of data for the population in those years. Theater capacities are approximately 10 percent of the city’s population. This shows that the population of the city varies between 100 and 120 thousand.
Those who had a fatal disease in ancient times and who wanted to be treated in the Asklepion of Bergama were not accepted into Bergama. Instead they were sent to Hierapolis. At the entrance of the Asklepion, the letter “the dead cannot enter” shows a summary of the relationship between the two cities.
Ancient City of Laodikeia
Laodicea Ancient City is one of the ancient cities ready to be famous in the near future. Compared to other regions, this ancient city, where the excavation history is very new, is of great importance for the city of Denizli. The name of the city, which was thought to have been established between the years 261-263 BC, came from Laodicea, the wife of the founder of II Antiochus.
Laodicea, which has a wide plain between the ancient city of Hierapolis, used the healing water by solving the problem of thirst with the water pipes extending from Pamukkale to the city. Excavations in the ancient city, almost every period of a new discovery is made to shed light on the history of the region. Theater, stadium and gymnasium, monumental fountain, parliament building, Temple of Zeus and the Great Church are among the must-see places in the ancient city, where most of them are under the ground.
The ancient city, which has the traces of the rooster which is the symbol of Denizli, is quite amazing with this feature. In 2005, “Cockcrow Denizli rooster”, in 2013 “fighting like gladiator rooster” reliefs was unearthed. They took a big step for the city. Stork, freshwater fish, bull, pig, lion and dolphin can be seen.
One of the 7 churches mentioned in the Bible is located in Laodikeia. Therefore, this place is also important in terms of faith tourism. The statements about Laodicea in the Bible helped to understand the city’s life at that time. It is explained in the Bible that the healing water that is transported by the water pipes from Pamukkale was warmed until it reached the city and people got sick by consuming these waters.
In the Bible (John Revelation 3) “To the Church in Laodicea” is the following:
“To the angel of the church in Laodicea” write:
These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of God’s creation. I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot. I wish you were either one or the other! So, because you are lukewarm—neither hot nor cold—I am about to spit you out of my mouth. You say, ‘I am rich; I have acquired wealth and do not need a thing.’ But you do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind and naked. I counsel you to buy from me gold refined in the fire, so you can become rich; and white clothes to wear, so you can cover your shameful nakedness; and salve to put on your eyes, so you can see.
Those whom I love I rebuke and discipline. So be earnest and repent. Here I am! I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in and eat with that person, and they with me.
To the one who is victorious, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I was victorious and sat down with my Father on his throne. Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches?”
Guney Waterfall is one of the places to see around Pamukkale of Denizli, which is located on the land of the Büyük Menderes River. ıt is located in the village of Cinlere, 4 km from the Guney district center, the waterfall flows from the height of 20 meters to the Büyük Menderes River. The chalky structure of the waterfall, 70 km away from Denizli, caused the formation of limestone steps. The Southern Waterfall, which has a visual feast with its velvety looking algae, is one of the most beautiful places. At the facility under the waterfall, immerse yourself in the sound of the water by tasting local specialties. You should try Denizli’s famous Zafer Gasos.
Pamukkale Winery was established in 1962 by Tokat family. It has a major role in the transformation of the Guney district where it was founded. Although one of the most important brands of Denizli, Pamukkale Wines is also one of the largest wine producers in our country. The company exports part of its production. On the other hand, quality wine at an affordable price meets the consumer. The vineyards in the Guney district of the company are the right place to witness the story of wine from wine to glass.
The vineyards you can visit during the vine-harvest period from August to the end of October attract people with its lush image. Also, go to the production facilities in the South district center. When you get there, I suggest you listen to the story of the wine from the friendly employee.
Pamukkale is the white heaven that is the gift of nature to Anatolia. It’s a great route for holidaymakers who want to see a lot more in a few days.