Istanbul, which has been the capital of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires, offers travelers a lot of places to go to, thanks to its historical richness. The Historical Peninsula (Fatih district, also called old city), which has been used centrally throughout Istanbul for centuries, carries some of the most interesting buildings of those who choose to understand about the history of the city. At the starting of the structures in the area comes the Hagia Sophia Museum, ready to be watched with its special inventive and architectural treasures hidden under its spectacular dome.
Information About Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia, whose title potential “Holy Wisdom” in its very own language, has earned its current status three times from 532-537 by order of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I. In the name of Megale Ekklesia (Great Church) at that time, it was once influenced by way of many sacred enthusiasts such as the thunderous iconostasis of 15 meters’ height.
Another element that makes the religious building, which is a notion to have been constructed on the Temple of Artemis, to be astonishing is the survival of the fifteenth-century love notwithstanding the earthquake and fireplace calamities. In the past, the church, which has been inhabited many times with the aid of fireplace and earthquake disasters, has been diagnosed as the world’s largest cathedral for 1,000 years after being built for the third time.
Islamic factors that are of top-notch importance in phrases of Orthodox and Catholic denominations have been delivered to the town in 1453 right away after the conquest of Ottomans through Fatih Sultan Mehmet. In particular, the work of Mimar Sinan’s work, which had been ruined in the course of the Latin invasion, played a most important role in regaining the former glory.
The work of transformation of Hagia Sophia, which used to be chosen as the eternal house by using some of the Ottoman sultans, was realized between 1930 and 1935 at the request of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Today, most of the ground pavers and wall mosaics that received favorable interest have been taken to daylight as a result of the restoration work carried out during this period.
Sections of the Hagia Sophia Museum
Throughout its history, Hagia Sophia, which has served two first-rate symphonic behaviors, conveys the significance of architecture’s distinctiveness and cultural values via its interior and exterior sections. The first chapter I would suggest to see on the outside of the historical building that preserved the significance of the Byzantine length after passing via the Ottoman domination of Istanbul is the Sultans’ Tombs.
Among these kinds of buildings, the most interesting one used to be built with the aid of Mimar Sinan between 1574-1577. Sultan Selim Shrine is a so important tomb. Entrance gate apart from the octagonal shape which is viewed as one of the splendid examples of Ottoman woodworking, Murad III. Mehmed, I Mustafa and Sultan Ibrahim are also encouraged to go to the species. In particular, the mosaics and tiles on the internal of the castle offer a charming feast for site visitors visually.
The most important part of the inside of the museum is the magnificent dome built the usage of the bricks produced from the Rhodian land. You can go to the Mahmud I Library, which is considered one of the most essential additions of the Ottoman Calligraphy Art, followed by the ornamental dome with texts reflecting the cuisine of the art.
The library, consisting of the studying room and the Treasury-i Kutub sections where the books have been kept, was constructed in 1739 by way of order of the sultan. The Mahmud brick I. Mahmud embellished in the corridor with floral motifs embellishing corridors in the studying room, provides richness each creative and architectural to the structure.
Dilek Sütunu, which is the problem of legends, located in the northwest route of the building whose walls are covered with many mosaics from the Byzantine period; Viking writings in the center of the southern gallery; Omphalion, which hosts the coronation ceremonies of the emperors, constitutes the other parts of the travelers’ interest.
Where and how to go to Hagia Sophia Museum?
The Hagia Sophia Museum, which you can visit with your favored locations such as Topkapi Palace, Grand Bazaar, and Yerebatan Cistern, is located in the part of Sultanahmet Square which has its own title in the borders of Fatih District.
You can take trams, trains, buses, and ferries to go to the historic structure surrounded by the surrounding Ethnography and Carpet Museums, Şehzadeler Türbesi, Cafer Ağa Madrasa. If you decide on the tram, you need to use the Bagcilar-Kabatas Line. After taking the tram to Gülhane or Sultanahmet stations, you can attain the museum in a quick walk.
To go to the museum also in Sirkeci with suburban trains; Kadıköy, Üsküdar ferry or from a number parts of Istanbul, you can additionally take the tram to Eminönü.
The streets around the constructing opposite the Blue Mosque are closed to traffic. For this reason, you can take gain of the parks in the vicinity close to the Bab-i Humayun Gate of the Topkapi Palace or in the location where the excessive college is located.
Hagia Sophia Museum Entrance Fee
The entrance fee for the year 2018 of the Hagia Sophia Museum, which you can visit every day of the week, is 40 Turkish Liras. 18 years old and younger citizens of teenagers Turkey aged 0-12 foreign children free entry they can make cultural facilities comes Museum cardholder adult entry price of the offered privileges to ride part of the payment from the inside.
Hagia Sophia Museum Visiting Days and Hours
During the first days of Ramadan and Fest of Sacrifice, you can enter between 09.00-19.00 hours at some point of the summer season between April 15 and October 25, which is closed until 13.00. The go-to time for the wintry weather season overlaying the length from October 25 to April 15 is 09.00-17.00.
Due to its architectural beauty and the elegance of the cultural treasure, it hosts, this precious facility that you can consist of on the Historical Peninsula listing continues to serve each hour and one hour before closing.