The first foundation of the ancient city of Ephesus in the province of Selcuk dates back to 6000 BC. In recent years, the settlements belonging to the Bronze Ages and Hittites in Ayasuluk Hill, where mounds and fortresses are located around Ephesus, have been identified. In the Hittite period, the name of the city is Apasas. The city of Ephesus, where the immigrants from Greece came to live in 1050 BC, moved to the vicinity of the Temple of Artemis in 560 BC. Ephesus, which was visited today, was founded by Lysimakhos of Alexander the Great in 300 BC. Ephesus, which had the most magnificent times during the Hellenistic and Roman periods, had a population of 200,000 people as the capital and the largest port city of the Asian province. Ephesus, the Byzantine period has been re-displaced and the first time was established in the Ayasuluk Hill in Selcuk.
You should spend at least one day in Ephesus for discovering this beauty. It is a little unfair to spend less time on a city that has witnessed such periods and works. If it is necessary to give some information about the most visited places in the ancient city, the Antique Theater will take the first place. The history of the Ancient Theater, one of the most well-known buildings of Ephesus, dates back to an early building built in the Hellenistic period. Both the shows and the meetings were held here. In the late Roman Empire, it was used as a gladiator arena. The capacity in this period was 20000-25000 people. The other impressive structure after the Antique Theater is the Celsus Library. You should definitely visit here walking by the colonnaded roads. The Celsus Library, one of the most beautiful works of the Roman period, was built in 135 AD after the death of Julius Celsus Halemaeanus, the governor of Ephesus, and his son Julias Aguila, dedicated to his father.
Celsus Library, which has both a library and a grave, played a major role in the training of scientists and thinkers in the old period. After that, you must go to the Temple of Domitianus. And then to the Inscriptions Gallery. The Inscriptions Gallery is located in the vaulted vaults of the Domitian temple. Today there are over 3000 inscriptions. But only 60 of them are on display. Here, the inscriptions consist of inscriptions and memorial inscriptions of the emperor’s families. The next attraction is Arkadiane Street with columns. Arkadiane is 500 meters long and 11 meters wide. At the time, this street was the link between the port and the theater.
And the last important place is the Hillside Houses. These houses were built on 4000 square meters, where the noble people of the time lived. If you visit here, you will complete the Ephesus tour. It means that you will learn and seen everywhere in Ephesus. Many mosaics on the floors of the houses and the marble coverings on the walls are definitely worth seeing. These hillside houses are described as the world’s biggest puzzle. The halls here are numbered 1, 2, 3… For example, room 7 is the most important part of the slope houses. Because there were 2 skeletons in this room during the excavations. In the earthquake experienced in 262 AD, there were only 2 people living in the city.