It is not known by whom the city was founded. But it is thought to be as old as Troy. When the Hittite Empire collapsed in the 12th century BC, the city started to gain importance. The city, whose remains did not survive today, was called Critote. During the colonization of the Greeks, it was called Gallipolis (Kallipolis), which means “beautiful city” in Ancient Greek.
The Gallipoli Peninsula Historical National Park, located in the Marmara Region, is named after the peninsula. It is spread over an area of approximately 33000 hectares in the southwest of Akbas pier on the Ece Port of Saros Bay and the Dardanelles Strait. This area was organized as a national park on 2 November 1973 in order to preserve the traces and remembrance of the Gallipoli Wars. First World War, land and sea battles were built in the borders of the park where approximately 190 thousand Turks and more than 200 thousand foreign soldiers lost their lives.
The martyrdom and monuments within the National Park area are the Çanakkale Martyrs’ Memorial in Hisarlık Burnu. The construction of the monument began in 1954, and its construction completed in 1960. On 4 m high platform there is a granite monument with a height of 39.75 m. It is 25×25 m from the outside and 16×16 m from the inside. In the Gallipoli Peninsula Historical National Park, you can visit the ruins of Maeste Bay, İkizler Cove, Ertuğrul Bay, Hisarlık Hill, Alcı Hill, Zığındere, Tekke Village, Arıburnu, Kilitbahirtaş Plateau and Seddülbahir Battlefield.
The city first played an important role in the Persian Wars, then in the Peloponnesian War. In the 6th century BC, the Persians destroyed the Lydian Kingdom and excelled in the region. At the end of the 5th century BC it was under the control of Sparta for a short time, and in the mid-4th century BC, like many other cities, it had to accept the sovereignty of Macedonia. The city, which joined the Roman lands at the end of the 2nd century BC, was the scene of the Roman-Pontus struggles, which also lasted for many years.
The city, which was destroyed and burned in the 5th century AD by the Got and Hun invasions, was rebuilt during the Byzantine Empire Justinianos I period (527-556). In order to conquer Istanbul, the Umayyad have passed through Gallipoli many times. The city joined the Ottoman lands in 1367 by Sultan Murad (1356 – 1389). Gallipoli, which witnessed conflicts throughout history due to its strategic location, lost its effectiveness with the importance of Canakkale in the Ottoman period.
Grand Mosque is one of the most important works built during the Ottoman Period. The structure known as Hüdavendigar Mosque was built during the reign of Sultan Murad (1356 -1389) and repaired in 1676 and 1889. It is known that the rectangular structure in the structure of the Grand Mosque is square in the past. The minaret of cut stone is northwest.
The ancient city of Gallipolis is located 16 km east of Gallipoli. Gallipolis means ‘beautiful city’. From this beautiful city to the present day no remains could be reached. However, the remains of Duran Farm, located 16 km east of Gallipoli, strengthened the assumptions that the ancient city of Gallipolis was established here. On the hill near Duran Farm, there are castle foundations, the wall remains and several graves.