Having thousands of years of culture, Cappadocia has become a rare natural structure due to the activities and weather events of the surrounding volcanoes millions of years ago. With the help, its enchanting beauty, most of the historical and natural beings in the region reminiscent fairy-tale are included in the list of UNESCO World Cultural Heritage due to their value. Among those places on the list, those who deserve to visit are listed on the list of places to visit in Cappadocia.
- Goreme Open Air Museum
- Rock Churches
- Pasabagi Fairy Chimneys
- Uchisar Castle – Natural Rock Castle
- Devrent – Imagination Valley
- Avanos Pottery Demonstraton
- Rose Valley
- Kaymakli Underground City
- Pidgeon Valley
- Gulludere Valley
- Cavusin Village
Or you can choose your trip on the Cappadocia Tours page here: https://toursce.com/cat/cappadocia-tours/
The List of Places to Visit in Cappadocia
Cappadocia has a worldwide reputation for mountain and road biking due to its natural raceway. Walking is the best way to explore in detail. However, if you do not want to walk, you can have an idea about the area by participating in ATV tours or taking a hot air balloon ride. In order to visit the hidden paradises in the valleys of Cappadocia without spending a lot of money, it is a good idea to purchase a Museum Card. Also, do not forget to negotiate the price if you are going to shop in Cappadocia or if you are going to join organized entertainment nights.
The fairy chimney in Cappadocia comes to mind first when you think of places to visit. It occurred as a result of erosion which Erciyes, Hasandağı and Güllüdağ’ın 60 million years ago during the volcanic activities of the soft layer of weather events. Because it can be easily shaped, it has used some of its people for various needs like sheltering and storage for almost 10 thousand years. You can see the most beautiful forms of the earth forms during your visit to Göreme National Park, Love Valley, and Zelve Ruins.
Göreme National Park
Goreme National Park extends 9.614 hectares, was put under protection in 1986. With being famous for its fairy chimneys, which are rarely seen in the world, the park reveals the historical and ethnological nature of Cappadocia along with its Goreme Open Air Museum. Visiting the fairy chimneys and the religious structures of the first Christian era, you can end your trip in the park with the unique view of the sunset. If you go to the national park from 15 March to 15 November, where weather conditions are more favorable than other periods of the year, you can easily explore the unique beauties in its.
Read more: Göreme Open Air Museum
Most travelers who visit the area without knowing any information about it do not go to Uçhisar. It is the most historical place of the Cappadocia Region with its values. The residential area is located on the foothill of the magnificent Uchisar Castle. Because it is an important station on the Silk Road, it has a rich in cultural values. You will be able to visit the shops selling handmade products and the famous Cappadocian wines in the market area of the region where you can choose for a peaceful stay due to the quality of the hotel. When you go to the area outside the castle, you can give priority to visiting the Güvercinlik Valley, an important trekking route between Uçhisar and Goreme.
Read More: Uçhisar
Güllüdere Valley is located between Çavuşin Village and Goreme. It is a fine walking route with 5 historic churches on both sides. It is an ideal place for exploring pleasure areas and I would recommend you to start from the village of Çavuşin, which has a huge historical background. If you start your journey in this direction, first you can visit the Yovakim-Anna Church and the Direkli Church. After passing the monk cells located in right and left sides of the way, you can see the churches of Ayvalı, Cross Church and Three Cross Church. Each of the churches, even damaged, was adorned with frescoes of interesting Christian scriptures.
Read More: Güllüdere Valley
It is the Ihlara Valley, which should be put on the list of places to visit and Cappadocia with its magnificent scenery and historical values. It was formed by the erosion of the soft earth of the Melendiz Brook. Around the accommodation facilities are abundant. Some of the rocks in the valley have been carved into churches since the 9th century. It offers a peaceful environment inside the city where guests can enjoy without the stress of city life. If you visit the churches of Ağaltalı, Pürenliseki, Kokar, Yılanlı, and Sümbüllü, you can get a chance to look at well-preserved murals. At the end of the fine walk in the valley, you can end up with a meal that you can taste local tastes in the restaurant built along the brook at the end of the day.
Read More: Ihlara Valley
It is only 3 kilometers from Avanos that the fairy chimneys at Zelve Ruins, which constitutes three valleys are more numerous than other parts of Cappadocia. At the same time, there is an important climbing area for adventure buffs. It was used as a settlement area and religious center by Christians between the 9th and 13th centuries. Located on the steep slopes to the north of Aktepe, there are important religious buildings such as Balik, Gümülü and Geyikli churches built in the Iconoclastic Period in 728-842. You can also see things like tunnels, mosques, mills while traveling around the region.
Urgup is the favorite holiday place of honeymoon couples. It is a settlement that travelers prefer to shop. The city, in the Byzantine period, is Osiana, Seljuk period is Başhisar, for the Ottomans is Burgut Castle. Apart from the shops selling high-quality service and local products, you can visit the natural beauties such as Three Beauties, rock graves remaining from the Roman period and Altikapılı and Tememnni Hills Shrines which are built by the Seljuks. You can add to your Urgup trip by participating in balloon tours starting from early morning.
Pasabag Monks Valley
Pasabag Monks Valley is one of the ideal regions for taking photos in Cappadocia. It is located very close to Zelve, which is famous for its ruins. The valley, which contains the best examples of fairy chimneys in the form of mushrooms, can be easily visited with the help of the fine walking paths that pass through these structures. You can explore rocky carved chapels and rooms as you travel around the area that retired and monks used to retreat for a while.
Read More: Pasabag Valley
Derinkuyu Underground City
Derinkuyu Underground City is a place where the escaping people come from Kayseri Antakya due to the oppression of the Roman Empire during the first Christian era and includes 8 layers. It was a safe place thanks to the entrance that could not be easily noticed at that time. Departments have been built to meet all the needs of the refugee who come to the underground city. The chambers are connected to each other with narrow corridors. In the city, there are religious buildings like churches and monasteries, as well as areas where you can see stores, wine production building, water wells, and meeting halls.
Read More: Derinkuyu Underground City
You can put Uçhisar Fortress in Cappadocia destinations list for a bird’s-eye view of the unique beauty of the region and take a plenty of photos. The history goes back to the Roman Empire. The advantageous position of the fortress was built to stop the incoming raids. A large number of rooms, warehouses, cellars, and cisterns were built during the Roman and Seljuk periods in the military structure consisting of two united fairy chimney called for big one “Ağa’s Castle” for the local people and “Çavuş’un Kalesi” for the smaller ones.
Read More: Uçhisar Castle
Kaymaklı Underground City
Kaymaklı Underground City is named from Kaymaklı town. It is eight layers, just like the similar place in Derinkuyu. Today, however, only 4 layers can be visited. It was made by Hittites around 3,000 BC. It was expanded in the Roman and Byzantine times and converted into a shelter where 25,000 people could live. The city was built around the main ventilation chimney. You can see cemeteries, churches, warehouses, living areas and wells connected to each other by corridors while you are walking through the underground city.
Read More: Kaymaklı Underground City
The majority of the Cappadocia Caves is located between Nevşehir-Ürgüp-Avanos Triangle. It has been used by the people of the region for thousands of years for the purpose of sheltering and storage. They became after carving the soft rock. Some of these structures were enlarged by the refugee who came to the region over time and the little ones were called “villages” and the big ones were called “towns”. and turned into underground settlements. You can see the splendor of these structures in places like Kaymakli, Özkonak, Mazı, Tatlarin and Derinkuyu.
Pigeon Valley is one of the most preferred routes for those who love to hike. It is located between Uçhisar and Goreme. The vineyards where delicious grapes are grown in regions where wine production is prevalent are fed with fertilizers earth obtained from birds that have been inhabited since the 9th century. In addition, Christians living in the past used to make plaster with pigeon eggs which they collected from the nests that they would use in the frescoes. You can spend time because of the magnificent natural richness of the valley where a 15-meter high waterfall is located.
Read More: Pigeon Valley
Love Valley, also known as Bağlıdere, is located within the borders of Goreme. There are hundreds of fairy chimneys of different sizes and colors. The valley fascinates you especially with the sight of the sunset. It is 4,900 meters width, starting from Örencik and extending to Göreme-Avanos road. You can come up with a lot of beautiful things you can take pictures of while you are on its way through the fruit gardens and vineyards.
Mazı Underground City
It was built during the Early Roman period. I will tell you on the list of places to visit in Cappadocia is the last historic settlement is Mazı Underground City. It is located about 18 kilometers south of Ürgüp. Kaymaklı is only 10 kilometers from Underground City. There are four gateways from both the Roman and Byzantine periods in the city. It is a church decorated with reliefs of the remarkable point of the city which you can reach from barns inside to the inner parts.
We mentioned the best places to visit in Cappadocia. If you have enough time in your trip to Cappadocia, you can add the following points to your list: Güray Museum, Dervent Valley, Selime Monastery, Zemi Valley, Sunset Point, Çavuşin Village, Cappadocia Art and History Museum, Ethnography Museum, Temenni Hill, Güzelyurt Underground City, Mustafapaşa, and İbrahimpaşa.