Sights of Turkey on the UNESCO World Heritage List

Unesco Turkey Heritage List

The UNESCO World Heritage List is generated with some criteria within the content of the “World Cultural and Natural Heritage Conservation Agreement”. The main purpose of generating this list is to protect and keep alive the universal values. In consequence of the expert review, there are 1073 cultural and natural properties on the world heritage list. 17 of these cultural and natural properties are in our country. The cultural properties protected by the General Directorate of Masons are:

  1. Istanbul
  2. Safranbolu
  3. Ephesus
  4. Troy Ancient City
  5. Archaeological Site of Ani
  6. Aphrodisias
  7. Divriği Great Mosque
  8. Mount Nemrut
  9. Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük
  10. Bergama
  11. Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens
  12. Xanthos–Letoon
  13. Bursa and Cumalıkızık
  14. Göreme and Cappadocia
  15. Pamukkale – Hierapolis
  16. Hattusha
  17. Edirne Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex

UNESCO’s Turkey Heritage List


Istanbul was inscribed into the list of UNESCO World Heritage in 1985. This historic city, which connects Asia and Europe, was founded in the 7th century BC. The four regions in Istanbul are in the UNESCO list. Blue Mosque, Suleymaniye Mosque, Zeyrek and Istanbul Land Walls are protected areas.


Safranbolu was inscribed as a Turkey UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994. Safranbolu, located in the Western Black Sea, is a typical Anatolian city. It is a great city with its listed buildings, traditional bazaars, converted hotels and restaurants from stone houses.


Ephesus is a cultural heritage in Izmir. House of the Virgin Mary, Çukuriçi Höyük, Ephesus Antique City and Ayasuluk Hill are regions of Ephesus. Ephesus, which is one of the most touristic regions today, is a protected area that welcomes domestic and foreign tourists every year.

Troy Ancient City

The Troy Ancient City was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998 is in Çanakkale. Troia, one of the most famous ancient cities in the world, is thought to have been established in the 3rd century BC.

Archaeological Site of Ani

The Ani Archaeological Site is a part of the Silk Road. It was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2016, and it was a region that architecture and art have been alive for centuries. Ancient City


The ancient city of Aphrodisias was established in the 5th century BC in Aydın. Aphrodisias, which has been preserved in a good way, is a rich property, especially with its marble-quarries.

Divriği Great Mosque

Divriği Great Mosque, which was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985, is in Sivas. Divriği Great Mosque was built at the beginning of the 13th century, and there are a two-domed tomb and a hospital next to this mosque. Great Mosque

Mount Nemrut

Mount Nemrut, located in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of our country, has been inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. The memorial tombs and the sculptures in here are famous all around the world. It is a place where you can see the sunrise in the most beautiful way, and it is a place you should absolutely see. Mountain

Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük

Çatalhöyük was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage List in 2012, and it is in Konya. Çatalhöyük is a region that witnesses the history of sedentism, agriculture, and hunting. You can see historic houses, streets, and settlements here. Ancient City Catalhoyuk


From the Hellenistic period, Bergama was occasionally used as the capital of the empires. This is a very valuable property especially in the field of landscape. Bergama

Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens

This cultural heritage consists of two regions as Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens. Diyarbakır Fortress, which is located in the city center, has survived until today. Hevsel Gardens is one of the world’s leading landscape areas. Fortress


Xanthos-Letoon is one of the first cultural properties in our country to be on the UNESCO World Heritage List, and it is located in the Mediterranean region. Xanthos is the capital of Lycia. Letoon is seen as the religious center of Lycia.

Bursa and Cumalıkızık

Bursa and Cumalikizik were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage List in 2014 and they are being more popular day by day. Green Tomb, Inns Region, Hüdavendigar Mosque, Cumalikizik Village, Yildirim Social Complex are put under protection.

Göreme and Cappadocia

Göreme National Park and Cappadocia were evaluated as UNESCO Heritage in 1985. Because of occurring naturally, Göreme and Cappadocia, Soğanlı Archaeological Site, Göreme National Park, Derinkuyu and Kaymaklı Underground Cities, Karlı Church, Yeşilöz, Theodoro Church and Karain Columbaries are important heritages and they are known all around the world.

Pamukkale – Hierapolis

Pamukkale-Hierapolis with white terraced travertine, healing water, Hierapolis archaeological site was added UNESCO World Heritage List.


Hattusha is the capital of the Hittite Empire. The remains under protection are houses, waters, and temples.

Edirne Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex

Sinan the Architect built Edirne Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex in the 16th century. It is known as Sinan the Architect’s masterpiece, and it has 4 minarets. It is one of our cultural heritages. Mosque

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